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Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes Diabetes is a disease that makes the blood glucose levels are above the normal level. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. As a result, the cells start starving for their food which is glucose. The entire body obtains glucose in the food. The muscles and liver also supply glucose to your body. The sugar is transported by the blood throughout the body. The high blood glucose level causes diabetes. Diabetes can cause serious health problems like heart diseases, blindness, and kidney failure. It’s necessary for individuals that have diabetes to have a doctor who will be tracking their blood pressure and their own cholesterol levels. They will be able to run glucose levels tests. The basic features are exactly the same although there are various sorts of diabetes. There is an inherent reason why the body isn’t able to use the degree of sugar for energy that leads to the degree of sugar from the body to accumulate over the level that is standard. The principal kinds of diabetes are 2, type 2 and type 1. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas does not make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin. Sometimes the insulin is ignored by the cells within the body. This makes them not to utilize glucose the way they are supposed to. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring the insulin.
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There is a type of diabetes that pregnant women get called gestational diabetes. It will disappear when the pregnancy is over and can cause difficulties for the mom and infant, when it is not treated. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include the family history of diabetes, old age, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes genetic and environmental factors are involved by the risk factors.
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A person who thinks that he has diabetes should visit a physician for a diagnosis. The symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes and feeling exhausted most of the time. The skin may be dry and have sores that are slow to heal. For diabetes type 1 that the symptoms can include vomiting or sharp stomach aches. There are many things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, physical activity, healthful eating, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood glucose levels closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes are healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing.